Haazir-o-Naazir used for Holy Prophet MUHAMMAD (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam) with Quran & Hadith references.

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Some people believe that Allah Ta’ala is “Omnipresent“, that is, Allah Taala is Present and Over-looking at every time and at every place. They believe Allah Ta?ala to be “Haazir” and “Naazir“.
 
his is not true, as Allah Ta’ala is not bound by time and space. Allah Ta’ala is Present and Seeing from eternity without time and without space.
 
Allah Taala’s Attributes, namely, Life, Knowledge, Power and Speech, are without time and without place, so are Allah Ta’ala other attributes. Allah Taala’s Attributes always exists and will continue to exist till eternity.
 
There is a great difference between Allah Ta’ala being Present and the souls of His creation being present. No one is present like Allah Ta’ala being Present.
 
The Angels, the souls of Prophets, the souls of the Awliya Allah and the souls of pious Muslims are present at any place where they are called. They were non-existent, before being present. They will seize to exist after a while. The souls of the creation were absent before it became present there, and will be absent some time later. The presence of the souls is with time and with place.
 
Now that we have explained the concept of Allah Ta’ala being Present and clarified our position with regards to the station of the souls in this respect, we will explain the concept of Haazir (present) and Naazir (over-looking) of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
 
It is the belief of the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jamaat that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is given power by Allah Ta’ala to be Haazir and Naazir.
 
Some persons say that the Ahle Sunnat Wa Jamaat believes that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is present like Allah Ta?ala is Present. This is totally false because the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’at does not have such a belief.
 
The Ulema have used the words “Haazir-o-Naazir” for Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
 
Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “How then if I brought from each people a Witness and brought you (O Muhammad ﷺ ) as a Witness against these people”. (Sura al-Nisa: 41) This proves that each Prophet is a Witness for his Ummah, for those who accept Allah Ta’ala and those who reject Him. It also proves that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was present before each Ummah, witnessing their deeds. On the Day of Qiyamah, when they will be questioned about their deeds, they will deny it. Then, Allah Ta’ala will bring the Final Messenger (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) as a Witness and he will testify because he was present there when they were practising evil. 

 
Imam Khaazin (radi Allahu anhu) states, “To be a witness means to be ‘Haazir’ or present.” (Tafseer Khaazin)
 
Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhaddis Delwi (radi Allah anhu) writes: “Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is Haazir-o-Naazir on the deeds of his Ummah”. (Haashiya Akhbarul Akhyaar)
 
Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “O Prophet! Truly, We have sent you as a Witness, a Bearer of Glad Tidings, and a Warner”. (Sura al-Ahzab: 45) Here Allah Ta’ala says that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is a witness sent by Him concerning men’s doings and how they receive Allah Ta’ala’s Message. In order to give evidence, a witness has to be present and watching. Even in the Court of Law, a witness is asked, “Did you see the incident taking place?”
 
Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “And the Apostle is a Witness over yourselves.” (Sura al-Baqarah: 144) Commenting on this Ayah, Hazrat Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith Dehlwi (radi Allahu anhu) writes: “The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is observing everybody, knows their good and bad deeds, and knows the strength of Imaan of every individual Muslim and what has hindered his spiritual progress.” (Tafsir Azizi)
 
Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “And keep thy soul content with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking His face and let not thine eyes pass beyond them.” (Sura Kahaf: 28) In this verse Allah Ta’ala is asking Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) to keep a close watch on those people who seek Him. He is asked to observe them day and night. Note that no limitation has been imposed – “observe them during your life and after you assume a veil of departure”. This is another proof that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is watching us 24 hours a day!
 
Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is closer to the Believers than their own selves”. (Sura al-Ahzab: 6) Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is with every Muslim. (N.B. Not every Muslim, but every “Mu’min” among the Muslims). That is the reason why the non-Mu’mins feel that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – sallal laahu alaihi wasallam – is far from them. But it is they who are far from the beloved of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is closer to them than they are to their own selves, irrespective of time and place. He is witnessing their deeds. Allah Ta?ala gives this power to him.
 
It is reported by Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (radi Allahu anhuma) that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Indeed this entire world is in front of me so that I can observe everything in it. I can see everything in this world and everything that will take place till the Day of Qiyamah. I see the entire world as I see the palm of my hand”. (Mawahib-e-Ladunnia) This Hadith Shareef substantiates the belief of the Ahle Sunnah wal jamaat that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is Haazir and Naazir.
 
Hazrat Qazi Abu Iyaaz (radi Allahu anhu) writes in his “Shifa” that Hazrat Amr bin Dinar (radi Allahu anhu), a Taba’in and Faqih of Makkatul Mukarramah, said: “If you enter a house and find that there is nobody there, say ‘May Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)'”. Writing a commentary on this Hadith Shareef, Hazrat Mulla Ali Qari (radi Allahu anhu) says: “This is so because the soul of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is present in every Muslim home”.
 
Hazrat Ali Hameed Saaidi (radi Allahu anhu) has reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “If any of you enters the  Masjid, send Salaams to me, followed by this Du’a: ‘O Allah! Open your Door of Blessing for me'”. (Abu Dawud, Ibne Majah, Baihaqi).

This Hadith proves that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is present in every  Masjid of this world and according to Islam, the entire earth is a  Masjid for the Muslims, as reported by Hazrat Jabir bin Abdullah (radi Allahu anhu) that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “The entire earth has been made a  Masjid for me”. (Bukhari Shareef) Thus, the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is present everywhere on earth!
 
The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has stated, “Whosoever sees me in his dream then he will soon see me while awake.” (Bukhari Shareef; Abu Dawood) Commentating on this Hadith, Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhadith Delhwi (radi Allahu anhu) says: “This is glad tidings for those who see the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in their dreams that after arriving from the darkness of the Nafs and the completion of the desires of the body they have reached this stage that in reality, without any veil in the condition of awakeness they will have this opportunity of seeing him just like the Awliyah Allah who see him while awake. In this text, this Hadith proves that it is possible and proper to see the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) while awake.” (Ash Atul Lam’aat)
 
The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said, “I have been sent towards all the creation of Almighty Allah.” (Sahih Muslim Sharif; Mishkaat Sharif) This Hadith Shareef proves that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is being a witness for those towards whom he was sent as a Prophet.
 
It is written in an authentic Kitaab: “Even due to much objections and differences in the opinions of the Ulema, one does not have any doubt in this case that without any doubt and illusion, the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is continuosly alive and he is Haazir and Naazir in the A’mal of his Ummat and he gives his mercy towards those who turns towards him and he guides them.” (Maktoobat Shareef bar Haashia Akhbaarul Akhyaar Shareef)
 
Hazrat Haji Imdaadullah Muhaajir Makki (radi Allahu anhu) writes: “Our Ulema fight in the issue of Meelad Shareef. The Ulema believed in its permissibility as well. When the side of permissibility exists, why then is there so much hardness on this issue? For us, it is sufficient to follow the people of Haramain (Makkah and Medina). At the time of Qiyaam one should not have the belief of Tawallud (that Rasoolullah – sallal laahu alaihi wasallam – is born now). The possibility of the arrival of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in the Meelad assembly is not wrong because the bodily world is restricted to time and place, but the spiritual world is free from both. So the arrival of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is not far from being possible”. (Shamaime Imdaadiya)
 
Imam Ahle Sunnat, Hazrat Sayed Ahmed Sa’eed Qazmi (radi Allahu anhu) states: “When the word Haazir-o-Naazir is used for Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), it does not mean that the physical body of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is everywhere and that he is present in front of everybody. This in fact means that as the soul exists in every part of the body similarly the light filled reality of the Soul of both the worlds (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) exist in every atom of the worlds. Based on that Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) arrives with his spirituality and lightfulness in many places at one time. Many times, the Pious observe the beauty of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in a state of wakefulness with their physical eyes”. (Taskeenul Khawatir fi Mas’alatil Haazir wan Naazir)
 
Thus we have learnt that Hazrat Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), through the Light (Noor) of his Prophethood, knows the faith of every faithful and the degree of his Imaan and also the obstacles which stand in the way of a faithful’s spiritual advancement. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) knows our sins, and our spiritual status, and our good and bad deeds, and our sincerity and hypocrisy. His witness is the most acceptable in favour of his Ummah.
 
The Soul of Hazrat Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) observes all the souls and living beings. The deeds of the Ummah are presented to Hazrat Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) every morning and every evening and the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) recognizes (each member) of his Ummah through their actions, and hence, he would be a witness for them. Hazrat Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is a witness for the Believers over their faith, for the non-Believers over their apostasy and for the hypocrites over their dual character.
 
There are some mislead individuals who feel it appropriate to believe that Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has been restricted to his Blessed Grave till the Day of Qiyamah and that it is out of his reach to travel wherever he pleases and to make himself present wherever he pleases.
 
Allah Ta’ala sent all the Prophets to our Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) on the Mi’raj night. He became the Imaam, and they performed two rak’ahs of Salaah. It is thus seen that all the Prophets (alaihimus salaam) made Haaziri (were present) in Musjid al-Aqsa to perform Salaah with our Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) being the Imaam. If Prophets cannot leave their Blessed Graves then how is it that all of the Prophets (alaihimus salaam) were present in Musjid al-Aqsa, on the blessed night of Mi’raj an-Nabi which occured long after the Wisaal of the other Prophets.
 
Shaikh Abd al-Haqq Muhaddith Dehlwi (radi Allahu anhu) states: “Allah Ta’ala has given the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) the strength and power to go anywhere he likes, he can go with his own body or only in soul. On the earth, in the sky, in the grave and the Holy Prophet’s (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) connection stays with his own shrine.” (Madarijun Nabuwat)
 
Imam Jalaaluddeen as-Suyuti (radi Allahu anhu) says, “To keep watch of his own followers’ work and to pray for their forgiveness; to pray for their abstention from bad deeds; to come and go in all parts of the world to give auspiciousness; if one pious person dies from his followers then to come and attend his Janazah (funeral), all this is done by the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)”. (Intibahul Azkiyya)
 
It is recorded that at the time of the call to prayer (Adhan) the Shaitaan runs thirty-six miles away and returns in an instant after the completion of the Adhan. (Mishkaat) How can it be, that Allah Ta’ala’s Beloved, Huzoor-e-Aqdas Muhammad Mustafa (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is confined to his Blessed Grave while Shaitaan is freely running up and down, and that too, at high speeds!
 
Besides Shaitaan, even Angels have this ability. The Holy Qur’aan says: “…when death comes to any of you, Our Angels take his soul and they do not fail ” (Surah al-Anaam: 61). Relating to this it is written that, “For the Angel of Death the whole of the Earth is like a tray, so that he may take the souls as he pleases. There is no difficulty for the Angel of Death to take souls, even though there are many and at many different places !” (Tafseer Kabir Khazeen; Ruh-ul-Bayaan)
 
The speed of Jibra’eel (alaihis salaam) is such that, when Nabi Yusuf (alaihis salaam) was thrown into the well, Jibra’eel (alaihis salaam) travelled from Sidratul Muntaha to the bottom of the well. When Nabi Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) was about to sacrifice Nabi Ismail (alaihis salaam) and had his knife on the neck of Nabi Ismail (alaihis salaam), Jibra’eel (alaihis salaam), travelled from Sidratul Muntaha to the earth with a Ram.
 
The above events relate to an Angel and it’s abilities, but men of Allah (Awliya Allah) are also imbued with such powers. Asaf ibn Barkhiya’s taking the throne of Bilqis (the Queen of Sheba) to Hazrat Sulaiman (alaihis salaam) is also reported in the Holy Quran, (Surah Naml, Verses 39 and 40).
 
It is written in the book “Wahhabiyya”: “Tayy al-masaafa, that is, traversing long distances in a moment, is a Karaama (miracle) bestowed upon Awliya’. It is Waajib to believe in this.”
 
Ibn Hajar al-Haitami (radi Allahu anhu) wrote in his Fatawa: “The number of those who said that if a Wali (saint) goes to a very distant place in the West (in a short time) after he has performed the evening Salaat and if the sun has not set there yet, he need not perform the evening Salaat for the second time at that place, are many.”
 
Concerning the questioning (of the dead person) in the grave, the third question that will be asked by the Angels of the grave is, “Ma kunta taqulu fi haqqi hazar rajul” (meaning : “What did you have to say about this person?” (i.e. the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) When this question is asked the veil is removed from the dead person’s eyes so that he can see the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) who will be present (Haazir) in the grave. (Mishkaat Sharif; Sahih Bukhari) From this Hadith we learn that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is seen by the dead in person and not in some sort of mental thought, because the word “rajul” that is used in the question, in Arabic grammar refers to a real person made of flesh and bones.
 
So ,it is established that every person that dies sees the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in his grave in person. Now, at any given time thousands of people around the world are buried and all these people see the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) at the same time and are asked the same question. This is ample proof that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) by the Grace of Allah Ta’ala can present himself in many places at the same time. All the ‘Ulama of Ahl as-Sunna agree with this.

 

RASOOLALLAH صلى الله عليه وسلمIS HAAZIR AND NAAZIR
Proof from the Hadith and Awliya Allah

Following the article concerning the undisputable proof from the Holy Quran, the proof
presented here from the Ahadith and the Awliya Allah, would Insha Allah further reinforce the
belief that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) is indeed Haazir and Naazir.

Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has stated, “I see the entire world just as how I see the
palm of my hand.” [Jaa’al Haqqu Wazahaqal Baathil]

It is stated in the Hadith that Munkar and Nakeer ask the deceased in the grave, What did you
used to say about this man (Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)? [Mishkaat Shareef]
The marginal notes of Mishkaat state regarding this Hadith, “It has been said that the veils are
lifted for the deceased until he sees the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). This is indeed
a grand glad-tiding.

Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Haqq Muhaddith Dehlwi (Rahmatullah Alaih) writes in its annotation, By
haazar rajulâ it is meant the praised being of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). [Ashiatul
Lamaat ]

Some people are of the opinion that haazar rajulâ (this man) points to the person in the deceased
person as mind i.e. What did you used to say about the person who is present in your mind?
However, this is incorrect because if that truly was the case, a deceased kaafir would not be asked
this question because his mind is free from Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Also, a
kaafir would not reply ,I don’t know to this question, but ask, Who are you referring to? By
him saying Laa Adri❠(I don’t know) proves that he sees Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)
with his eyes but does not recognize him.

This proves that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) is present in the grave during the
questioning by Munkar and Nakeer. That is why the Awliya Allah and lovers of Rasoolullah
(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) cherish death, so that they may see their beloved.

Thousands of deceased people are buried at one time throughout the world. So if Rasoolullah
(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) is not Haazir and Naazir, how can he be present in all of these
places? It is now proven that there are veils on our vision which will be removed when we leave
this mundane world.

Once, Hazrat Umar Farooq (Radiallahu Taala Anh) sent Hazrat Saariya (Radiallahu Taala Anh) to
Nawaehind as the commander of an army. While performing a Khutba in Madina Shareef, he
began to proclaim, Sariyaah! Take the mountain! After some time, a messenger from that army
arrived and said, The enemies were just about to defeat us when we heard a voice say, Sariyaah!
Take the mountain!” So we put our backs towards the mountain and Allah Taala gave them
defeat.[Mishkaat Shareef]

If that is the state of the blessed companion of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) that he
can be at Madinatul Munawwarah and help Hazrat Saariya (Radiallahu Taala Anh) and his army
in Nawaehind, is it so difficult to accept that our Master Muhammad Mustafa (Sallallahu Alaihi
Wasallam) can be at several places at once, assisting his Ummah in times of need and difficulty?
Imam Ahmad Qastalaani (Rahmatullah Alaih) states, There is no difference between the life and
demise of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). He sees his Ummah and knows their
conditions, intentions and secrets at heart. All this is manifest for him with no obscurity.
[Mawaahibul Ladunniyya]

Hazrat Qaazi Ayaaz (Rahmatullah Alaih) writes, Whenever there is nobody in the house to make
Salaam to, say, Salaam be upon you, Ya Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and the Mercy
and Blessings of Allah Taala. [Shifa Sharif ]

In the explanation of this extract, Mulla Ali Qaari (Rahmatullah Alaih) states,This is because the
soul (rooh) of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) is Haazir in the homes of Muslims.
[Sharha Shifa]

Hujjatul Islam Hazrat Imam Ghazzali (Rahmatullah Alaih) writes,When you go into a  Masjid
then send Salaam to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) because Rasoolullah
(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) is present (Haazir) in the mosques. [Mirqaat]
Discussing the internal conditions of Namaaz, during Tashahud, Hazrat Imam Ghazzali
(Rahmatullah Alaih) states, Deem the Noble Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) present and
his being Haazir in your heart and say, As-Salaamu Alaika Ayuhan Nabiyu wa Rahmatullahi wa
Barakaatuh. [Ihya-ul-Uloom, Vol. 1]

Hazrat Imam Jalaaluddin Suyuti (Rahmatullah Alaih) writes, It is proven from the Ahadith and
traditions that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) keeps an eye on his Ummah’s actions
throughout the earth, makes Astighfaar for their sins, and Dua for their afflictions to be removed.
He grants them Barkat and attends the Janaazah of a virtuous person who dies from his Ummah.
[Intibaahul Azkiya]

Imam-e-Azam Imam Abu Hanifa (Radiallahu Taala Anh) states, Ya Rasoolullah (Sallallahu
Alaihi Wasallam), whenever I listen, I hear only your remembrance, and when I look, I am able
to see nothing besides you. [Qaseeda Numaan] Subhaanallah! While living in Kufa Hazrat Imam
Abu Hanifa (Radiallahu Taala Anh) sees Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) everywhere.
Commenting on the Verse, And He is the Dominant over His bondmen and He sends guardians
over you, until when death comes to any of you, Our angels take his soul and they do not fail
[Surah 6, Verse 61], Allama Ismail Haqqi (Rahmatullah Alaih) states,Extracting souls is not
difficult for the Angel of Death, even if there is an extensive amount of souls which are spread
over several places. [Tafseer Roohul Bayaan] Tafseer Khaazin further states,There is no person
in a home or tent not visited by the Malakal Maut twice everyday. If this is the condition of
Malakal Maut, that he can be present at so many places at the same time, then what can be said
about our Master Muhammad Mustafa (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), who is the highest creation
of Allah Taala?

Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Qadir Jilani (Radiallahu Taala Anh) states,The soul
of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), is watching you. He is pained, at seeing your
state.[Sirral Asraar wa Mazharal Anwaar]

With proof from the Glorious Quran, Ahadith as well as consensus of the Awliya Allah, only a
person who is heedless of the truth could deny the fact that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi
Wasallam) is Haazir and Naazir. If one still does not believe, then it is one’s responsibility to
search for the truth, because after one dies and realizes in the grave, when Rasoolullah (Sallallahu
Alaihi Wasallam) will be visibly present in front of you, then it will be too late.

May Allah Taala grant us the Taufeeq to recognise the truth and to keep away from falsehood and
those who spread falsehood, Ameen.

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