Virtues (Azmat) of Ahlul Bayt (سلام الله عليه)

Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala says in the Holy Qur’an:

قل لا أسألكم عليه أجرا إلا المودة في القربى
say (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) “I do not ask any fee from you upon this, except the love between close ones”
[Surah al-Shoora, Verse 23]

Sa’eed bin Mansur in his Sunan narrates from Sa’eed bin Jubayr Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu, He said:

قربى رسول الله صلى الله تعالىٰ عليه وسلم
In this verse close ones refers to the relatives of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam.
[Jami’ al-Bayan, Vol. 11, Page 144 | Zakhair al-‘Uqba, Page 33, Durr al-Manthur, Vol. 5, Page 701 | Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 3, Page 288]

This reveals that love for the Muslim relatives of the beloved Prophet through either blood or marriage is obligatory (Fard) upon each and every Muslim, neglect of which will prompt questioning by Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala.


Following are the few out of many sacred and blessed Ahadith containing the virtues of the Ahl al-Bait al-Kiraam Alaihim ar-Ridwan and thereby reveal the rank of the beloved Prophet’s Ahl al-Bait and relatives.
ahle bait

Virtues of the Ahl al-Bait al-Kiraam
— may Allah be well pleased with them all —
 

Imam Ahmad; Tirmidhi who denoted it sahih; Nisa’i and Haakim narrated it from Muttalib bin Rabee’a that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said to Sayyiduna Abbas Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu

والله لا يدخل قلب امرئ مسلم إيمان، حتى يحبكم لله ولقرابتي
‘By Allah, Imaan (faith) will not enter the heart of a Muslim until he loves you for Allah and for my relationship.’
[Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 1, Page 342, Hadith 1780 | Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol. 5, Page 610, Hadith 3758 | Sunan Nisa’i, Vol. 5, Page 51, Hadith 8175 | Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 4, Page 85, Hadith 6960]
 

The Love of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam and his family is proven from this hadith because without it no Imaan is acceptable. Loving them because of Allah means that the love be based on faith and which one must have for another Muslim because of his faith whilst love because of their relationship with the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam means that the love be based on their relationship with the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam.  This reveals that one should have double love for the Muslim relatives of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam; firsly because of their Imaan and secondly because of their relationship with the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam.

Muslim, Tirmidhi and Nisai narrated from Zaid bin Arqam that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

أذكركم الله في اهل بيتي
‘I remind you of Allah (to fear Him) about my Ahl al-Bait.’
[Sahih Muslim, Vol. 4, Page 36, Hadith 1837 | Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 5, Page 492, Hadith 18780 | Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah, Vol. 4, Page 62, Hadith 2357]

Tirmidhi, denoting it Hasan, and Tabarani narrated from Ibn Abbas the the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

أحبوا الله لم يغذوكم به من نعمه وأحبوني لحب الله وأحبوا أهل بيتي لحبي
‘Love Allah because of what He gave you from His blessings; Love me because of the Love of Allah and Love my Ahl al-Bait because of my Love.’
[Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol. 5, Page 622, Hadith 3789 | Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 3, Page 162, Hadith 4716 | Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 3, Page 46, Hadith 2638 | Bayhaqi in Shau’ab al-Iman, Vol. 2, Page 13, Hadith 1378]

The reason and causes of love have been described in this hadith. Love of Allah should be because He is our Creator and Nourisher; Love for the Prophet should be because he is Allah’s Prophet and Beloved and Love for the Prophet’s family should be because it is his family.

Tabarani and Haakim narrated from Ibn Abbaas that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

يا ابن عبد المطلب: اني سالت الله لكم تلاثاً ان يثبت قلوبكم وان يعلم جاهلكم ويهدي ضالكم وسالته ان يجعلكم جودآء نجدآء رحمآء فلو ان رجلاً صفن بين الركن والمقام فصلى وصام ثم مات وهو مبغض لاهل بيت محمد دخل النار
‘O Children of Abdul Muttalib, I asked Allah three things for you; that He keeps your hearts steadfast (upon Islam); that He teaches the Deen to your ignorant and illiterate and guides your astray, and that He make you kind, generous and affectionate to one another. So if a man prays, standing between the Rukn and Maqaam, and fasts but dies with malice for the Household of Muhammad he has entered Hell.’
[Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 11, Page 142, Hadith 11412 | Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 3, Page 162, Hadith 4712]
 

Tirmidhi, denoting it Hassan, and Haakim narrated from Zaid bin Arqam that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

إني تارك فيكم ما إن تمسكتم به لن تضلو بعدي: كتاب الله وعترتي أهل بيتي ولن يفترقا حتى يردا علي الحوض، فأنظروا كيف تخلفوني فيهما
‘Verily I am leaving in you that to which if you firmly hold onto you will not go astray after me; The Book of Allah and my family the Ahl al-Bait. These two will not be separated until they meet me at the Fountain (of Kawthar), so look (take care) at how you deal with them after me.’
[Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol. 5, Page 626, Hadith 3788 | Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 3, Page 160, Hadith 4711]
 

Imam Torpashti Alaihir raHmah states that family here refers to the Prophet’s Pure wives and very closest relatives. Holding onto them means loving and respecting them, acting upon their narrated ahadith and trusting and relying upon their statements. This is also the station of the Prophet’s companions, it is important to love them, act upon their narrated ahadith and trust and rely upon their statements.  The Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam said ‘My companions are like the stars, whichever of them you follow you will find guidance’ (Mirqaat).

Tabarani narrates from Ibn Abbas that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

بغض بني هاشم والانصار كفر وبغض العرب نفاق
‘Malice for the Bani Haashim (migrants) and Ansaar is kufr (heresy) whilst malice for the Arabs is hypocrisy.’
[Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 11, Page 118, Hadith 11312]

Ibn Adee in Al-Kaleel narrates from Abu Sa’eed Khudri Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

من ابغضنا اهل البيت فهو منافق
‘He is a hypocrite who has malice for our Ahl al-Bait.’
[Jawahir al-Aqdain, Vol. 2, Page 25]
Imam Samhoodi narrates this in Jawaahir ul Aqdain and related it to the musnad of Imam Delmi and reported that Sayyiduna Jaabir stated ‘We would recognise the hypocrites by their malice for Sayyiduna Ali’. This has been narrated by Imam Tirmidhi and Ahmad with his sanad.

Tabarani narrates from Imam Hasan bin Ali that he said to Muaawiyya bin Khudayj:

يا معاوية بن خديج اياك وبغضنا فان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: لا يبغضنا احد ولا يحسدنا احد الا زيل يوم القيامة عن الحوض بسياط من نار
‘O Muaawiya Ibn Khudayj guard yourself from having malice for us because undoubtedly the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said ‘No one has malice for us and no one is envious of us except on the day of Qiyaamah he will be kept away from the fountain by whips of fire.’
[Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 3, Page 81, Hadith 2726 and Al-Awsat, Vol 3. Page 203, Hadith 4426]

Ibn Adee and Bayhaqi, in Shau’ab ul Imaan, narrated from Sayyiduna Ali the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said
من لم يعرف حق عترتي والانصار فهو لاحدى ثلاث اما منافق واما لدينه واما لغير طهرو يعني حملته امه على غير طهر
‘Whosoever did not recognize the right of my family and Ansaar is one of three; either a hypocrite, born illegitimate or conceived by his mother whilst she was impure.’
[Ibn Adee in Al-Kaamil, Vol. 3, Page 106 | Shau’ab al-Iman, Vol. 2, Page 232, Hadith 1614, Daylami in Al-Firdaws, Vol. 3, Page 662, Hadith 5955]
 
Tabarani in Awsat narrates from Hassan bin Ali that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

الزموا مودتنا أهل البيت فانه من لقي الله وهو يودنا دخل الجنة بشفاعتنا والذي نفسى بيده لا ينفع عبداً عمل عمله الا بمعرفة حقنا
‘Make the love of our Ahl al-Bait compulsory for whoever meets Allah having love for us shall enter paradise with our intercession and By He in whose Hand is my life no deed will benefit a servant except by recognizing our right.’
[Tabarani in Al-Awsat, Vol. 3, Page 122, Hadith 2251 | Al-Shifa, Vol. 2, Page 48]

Ibn Shayba and Musadad in their respective Musnads; Hakeem Tirmidhi in ‘Nawaadir Al Usool’, Abu Ya’laa and Tabarani narrated from Salama bin Aku’ that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

الندم أمان لأهل السماء وأهل بيتي أمان لأمتي
‘The stars are the refuge for the people of the Heavans and my Ahl al-Bait is the refuge for my Ummah.’
[Ibn Hajar in Matalib al-Aaliya, Vol. 4, Page 262, Hadith 3972 | Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 7, Page 22, Hadith 6260 | Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 12, Page 101]

Tabarani narrates from Abu Dhar, who said: I heard the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam say:

مثل أهل بيتي فيكم كمثل سفينة نوح في قوم نوح من ركبها نجا ومن تخلف عنها هلك ومثل باب حطة في بني اسرائيل
‘The example of my Ahl al-Bait within you is the example of the Ark of Nuh within the nation of Nuh; whoever boarded it was saved and whoever stayed behind was destroyed. It is also the example of the ‘Hitha’ of the Bani Isra’eel.’
[Tabarani in Al-Awsat, Vol. 4, Page 283, Hadith 3506 | Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 2, Page 427, Hadith 3312]
 

The Hitha is mentioned in Surah Baqarah. The Bani Israil were ordered to enter through the door of Bait al-Muqaddas proclaiming Hitha, meaning Oh Allah, forgive our sins. But instead of reciting Hitha some of them proclaimed ‘Hinta’ and so Allah destroyed those who proclaimed that. The relevance of this example is that the one who loves the Ahl al-Bait is (saved like those) proclaiming Hitha whilst those who do not will be destroyed like those proclaiming ‘Hinta’.

Tabarani narrates from Ibn Abbas that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

لا تزول قدما عبد حتى يسأل عن أربع عن عمره فيم أفناه وعن جسده فيم أبلاه وعن ماله فيم أنفقه ومن ابن اكتسبه وعن محبتنا أهل البيت
‘On the day of Judgement the feet of the servant will not move from the grave until he is asked about four matters; His age, the matters in which he spent it; His body, how he expended it’s strength; His wealth, where he spent and how he earned it and about the love of the Ahl al-Bait.’
[Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 11, Page 83, Hadith 11177 | Haytami in Majma’ al-Zawa’id, Vol. 10, Page 346]

Ibn Najjaar in his ‘Taarikh’ narrates from Hasan bin Ali that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

لكل شيء أساس وأساس الإسلام حب أصحاب رسول الله وحب أهل بيته
‘Everything has a base and the base of Islam is the love of the Prophet’s companions and love of his Ahl al-Bait.’
[Jami’ al-Ahadith, Vol. 3, Page 457, Hadith 9778 | Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 11, Page 2319, Hadith 32523 | Al-Musannaf]

Tabarani in Al-Awsat narrates from Sayyiduna Jaabir who heard Sayyiduna Umar saying at the time of his marriage to Sayyiduna Ali’s daughter (Sayyida Umm Kulthoom):

إلا تهنئوني سمعت رسول الله صلى الله علي وسلم يقول: ينقطع يوم القيامة كل سبب ونسب إلا سببي ونسبي
‘Do you not congratulate me! I heard the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam say ‘On the Day of Qiyaamah all Sabab (relations through marriage) and Nasab (relations by blood) will break except my Sabab and Nasab.’
[Tabarani in Al-Awsat, Vol. 6, Page 282, Hadith 5602 | Bayhaqi in Sunan al-Kubra, Vol. 7, Page 107, Hadith 13393]

Daylami narrates from Sayyiduna Ali Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

أدبوا أولادكم على ثلاث خصال حب نبيكم وحب أهل بيته وعلى قراءة القرآن فان حملة القرآن في ظل الله يوم لا ظل إلا ظله مع أنبيائه وأصفيائه
‘Teach your children three things; Love of your Prophet; Love of his Ahl al-Bait and the recitation of the Quran. Verily the learned of the Quran will be with the Prophets and the pious (Awliyaa) in the shade of Allah’s mercy on the day (of Qiyaamah) when there will be no shade but His.’
[Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 16, Page 456, Hadith 45409 | Kash al-Khifa, Vol. 11, Page 74, Hadith 34157]
 

The learned of the Quran are those of Correct Aqeedah (belief) who sought the knowledge of the Quran and taught it to others and also includes all those who helped them in this.

Daylami narrates from Sayyiduna Ali Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

أثبتكم على الصراط أشدكم حباً لأهل بيتي وأصحابي
‘The most steadfast of you on the Bridge (on the day of Qiyaamah) will be the one with the most love for my Ahl al-Bait and my companions.’
[Ibn Adee in Al-Kaamil, Vol. 2, Page 2304 | Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 12, Page 96, Hadith 34157]
 

This hadith proves that the most steadfast on the bridge will be the one who combines in his heart the love of the Ahl al-Bait and the love of the Prophet’s Noble Companions. Praise be to Allah, this characteristic belongs to the Ahl as-Sunnah wa al-Jama’ah.

Daylmi narrates from Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

اشتد غضب الله على من آذاني في عترتي
‘Allah’s most severe wrath (punishment) will be upon the one who pains me regarding my family.’
[Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 12, Page 93, Hadith 34143]

Based on this hadith the corrupt Yazeed and his aids, Ubaidullah bin Ziyaad, Shimar etc, who martyred and tormented Sayyiduna Imam Hussain and the leading lights of his family, are worthy of Allah’s wrath’. In Zakhair ul ‘Uqba, Page 83 Imam Tabarani narrates from Sayyiduna Ali ‘Allah’s most severe wrath, the wrath of the Prophet and the wrath of the Angels is upon the one who shed the blood of the Prophet and pained him over his household’

Ibn Asakir narrates from Sayyiduna Ali that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

من صنع إلى احد من أهل بيتي يداً كافأته يوم القيامة
‘Whoever does a good to one of my Ahl ul Bait (pure wives and respected children) I will return the favour on the day of Qiyaamah.’
[Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 12, Page 95, Hadith 34152]

Tabrani narrates from Sayyiduna Umar that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

كل بني أنثى فان عصبتهم لأبيهم ما خلا ولد فاطمة فاني عصبتهم فانا أبوهم
‘The Asba’ (tribe) of all the children of women is from the father except the children of Fatima because I am their Asba (tribe) for I am their father.’
[Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 3, Page 44, Hadith 6631 | Haytami in Majma’ al-Zawa’id, Vol. 4, Page 224]

Daylmi narrates from Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

أهل بيتي والأنصار كٌرشي وعيبتي وصحابي وموضع مسرتي وأمانتي فاقبلوا من محسنهم وتجاوزوا عن مسيئهم
‘My Ahl ul Bait and the Ansaar are my wealth, my body, my household and my family, the locus of my happiness and my trust. So accept the good deeds of their good and overlook the mistakes of any of them (not from the Hudood of Allah).’
[Daylami in Al-Firdaws, Vol. 1, Page 407, Hadith 1645]

Haakim, in his Taarkh, and Daylami narrated from Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

ثلاث من حفظهن حفظ الله له دينه ودنياه ومن ضيعهن لم يحفظ الله له شيئاً حرمة الإسلام وحرمتي وحرمة رحمي
‘Whoever safeguards three matters Allah will safeguard his Deen and Duniya and whoever loses them Allah will not protect anything for him; the sanctity (not openly opposing) of Islam (its commandments); my sanctity and the sanctity of my (muslim) relatives.’
[Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 3, Page 162, Hadith 2881 and Al-Awsat, Vol 1. Page 126, Hadith 205]
 

Ibn Hibban, in his sahih, and Haakim narrated from Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed Khudri that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

والذي نفسي بيده لا يبغضنا اهل البيت رجل الا ادخله الله النار
‘By He in whose Hand is my Life no man will have malice for my Ahl ul Bait except that Allah will put him in Hell.’
[Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 3, Page 126, Hadith 4717 | Sahih Ibn Hibban, Vol. 15, Page 435, Hadith 6978]

After mentioning this hadith Imam Haakim said that it is upon the conditions of Bukhari and Muslim but that they did not narrate it in their sahih.

Daylami narrates from Sayyiduna Ali Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

أربعة أنالهم شفيع يوم القيامة المكرم لذريتي والقاضي لهم الحوائج والساعي لهم في أمورهم عند ما اضطروا إليه والمحب لهم بقلبه ولسانه
‘I will intercede (specifically) for four people on the day of Judgement ‘The one who respected my family; the one who fulfilled their needs; the one who ran and came to their aid when they were helpless and the one who loved them (my family) with (both) his heart and his tongue.’
[Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 12, Page 100, Hadith 34180 | Zakhair al-‘Uqba, Page 50]

Daylami narrates from Sayyiduna Ali Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said

خير الناس العرب وخير العرب قريش وخير قريش بنو هاشم
‘The best of the people are the Arabs; the best of the Arabs are the Quraysh and the best of the Quraysh are the Banu Hashim.’
[Daylami in Al-Firdaws, Vol. 1, Page 178, Hadith 2892]

 

وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلاَ تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ ٱلْجَاهِلِيَّةِ ٱلأُولَىٰ وَأَقِمْنَ ٱلصَّلاَةَ وَآتِينَ ٱلزَّكَـاةَ وَأَطِعْنَ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُـمُ ٱلرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ ٱلْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيـراً

Translation: And stay quietly in your houses, and make not a dazzling display, like that of the former Times of Ignorance; and establish regular Prayer, and give regular Charity; and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah only wishes to remove all abomination from you, ye members of the Family, and to make you pure and spotless. (Quran-33:33)

                            In Light of Quran

The Wives of the Prophet are Members of His Household (Ahl Al-Bayt)


إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُـمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيــراً

Translation: Allah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs from you, O members of the family, and to purify you with a thorough purification[33:33]


Tafsir Ibn Kathir:
This is a clear statement that the wives of the Prophet are included among the members of his family (Ahl Al-Bayt) here, because they are the reason why this Ayah was revealed, and the scholars are unanimously agreed that they were the reason for revelation in this case, whether this was the only reason for revelation or there was also another reason, which is the correct view. Ibn Jarir recorded that `Ikrimah used to call out in the marketplace.


إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُـمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيــراً

 

Translation:Allah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs from you, O members of the family, and to purify you with a thorough purification[Quran-33:33]

Tafsir Ibn Kathir: “This was revealed solely concerning the wives of the Prophet.” Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ibn `Abbas said concerning the Ayah

The Family of Fatimah (سلام اللہ عليھا) is the Ahl-ul-bait (People of the House)


إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُـمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ

Translation: Allah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs from you, O members of the family. [Quran-33:33]


Tafsir Ibn Kathir:
“It was revealed solely concerning the wives of the Prophet .” `Ikrimah said: “Whoever disagrees with me that it was revealed solely concerning the wives of the Prophet , I am prepared to meet with him and pray and invoke the curse of Allah upon those who are lying.” So they alone were the reason for revelation, but others may be included by way of generalization. Ibn Jarir narrated that Safiyyah bint Shaybah said: “`A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said, `The Prophet went out one morning wearing a striped cloak of black camel’s hair. Al-Hasan, may Allah be pleased with him, came and he wrapped him in the cloak with him. Then Al-Husayn, may Allah be pleased with him, came and he wrapped him in the cloak with him. Then Fatimah, may Allah be pleased with her, came and he wrapped her in the cloak with him. Then `Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, came and he wrapped him in the cloak with him, then he said:

 

إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُـمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيــر

Allah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs from you, O members of the family, and to purify you with a thorough purification.) This was recorded by Muslim.

Imam Jalal ud din Suyuti (rah): writes in his magnificent Tafsir Dur ul Munthur

وأخرج ابن أبي حاتم وابن عساكر من طريق عكرمة رضي الله عنه عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما في قوله { إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس، أهل البيت } قال: نزلت في نساء النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم

Translation: Imam Ibn Abi Hatim and Ibn Asakir narrate from the route of Akrama (ra) who narrated from Ibn Abbas (ra) that {Allah only wishes to remove all abomination from you, ye members of the Family} was revealed regarding the blessed wives of Prophet (Peace be upon him) [Tafsir Dur ul Munthur, Volume No. 5, Page No. 562]

Imam Suyuti (rah) further quotes this hadith:

وأخرج ابن سعد عن عروة رضي الله عنه { إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت } قال: يعني أزواج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم نزلت في بيت عائشة رضي الله عنها
Translation: Imam Ibn S’ad (ra) narrates from Urwa (ra) who said: Ahlul Bayt refers to wives of Prophet (Peace be upon him). This verse was revealed regarding Hadrat Aisha (ra)

How it specifically refers to blood relatives of Prophet (i.e. Imam Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain – Ridhwan Allaho Ajmain)

 

Imam Suyuti narrates:

وأخرج الترمذي وصححه وابن جرير وابن المنذر والحاكم وصححه وابن مردويه والبيهقي في سننه من طرق عن أم سلمة رضي الله عنها قالت:
في بيتي نزلت { إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت } وفي البيت فاطمة، وعلي، والحسن، والحسين. فجللهم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بكساء كان عليه، ثم قال ” هؤلاء أهل بيتي فاذهب عنهم الرجس، وطهرهم تطهيراً “

Translation: It is narrated by Imam Tirimdhi and he declared it “SAHIH”.. Imam Ibn Jarir, Ibn Mundhir and Imam Hakim who also declared it “SAHIH” plus Imam Ibn Murduya and Baihaqi in his Sunnan narrate from the route of Umm Salama (ra) who said:

 

This ayah was revealed in my house when in the house were present Fatima, Ali, Hassan and Hussain (Ridhwan Allaho Ajmain). The Prophet (Peace be upon him) covered them in his own cloak and then said: (O Allah) these are my Ahlul Bayt, remove all abomination from them and make them pure and spotless [Tafsir Dur ul Munthur, Volume No. 5, Page No. 563]

وأخرج ابن جرير وابن أبي حاتم والطبراني عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ” نزلت هذه الآية في خمسة: فيّ، وفي علي، وفاطمة، وحسن، وحسين، { إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت ويطهركم تطهيراً } “.

 

Translation: Imam Ibn Jarir, Ibn Abi Hatim and Imam Tabarani narrate from Hadrat Abu Sa’id al Khudri (ra) who narrates from the Prophet (Peace be upon him) who said: This ayah is revealed about 5 personalities (1) Myself (2) Ali (3) Fatima (4) Hassan and (5) Hussain (Allah’s Peace and blessings be upon them all)

 

                       In Light of Hadith

The Family of Fatimah (سلام اللہ عليھا) is the Ahl-ul-bait (People of the House)

Hadith #1

عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه: أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يمر بباب فاطمة ستة أشهر إذا خرج إلى
صلاة الفجر، يقول: الصلاة! يا أهل البيت: (إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا
Ans bin Malik (RA) narrates that when the Holy Prophet (SAW) used to come out for Fajr (dawn) prayer, as he passed the door of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), he used to say, “O ‘people of the house’, perform your prayer” and then he used to recite the following verse from the Holy Quran: “Allah only desires to keep away (all kinds of) impurity from you, O ‘people of the house’! (the Prophet’s family) and to totally purify you,

References:

►Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:352#3206)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (3:259,285)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:761#1340, 1341)

►Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musnnaf (6:388#32272)

►Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:360#2953)

►Abd bin Humaid, al-Musnad (p.367#1223)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:172#4748)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (3:56#2671)

►Bukhari related it from Abul Hamra in al-Kuna (p.25# 205). In the tradition this routine of the Prophet (A) was carried out for a period of nine months.

►Abd bin Humayd has related the same tradition from Bukhari in al-Musnad (p.173# 475).
[al-Ahzab 33:33] (he did this) for six months.
 

 

Hadith #2

عن صفية بنت شيبة، قالت: قالت عائشة رضي الله عنها: خرج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم غداة وعليه مرط مرحل
من شعر أسود. فجاء الحسن بن علي فأدخله، ثم جاء الحسين فدخل معه ثم جاءت فاطمة رضي الله عنها فأدخلها، ثم
جاء علي فأدخله، ثم قال: (إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا
Safiyyah the daughter of Shaybah narrates that Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) said, “The Holy Prophet (SAW) came out one morning wearing a cloak which had camel saddles woven on to it with black wool. Then Hasan bin Ali (RA) came and the Holy Prophet (SAW) took him under the cloak, then Husain (RA) came and entered beneath it with the Holy Prophet (SAW). Then Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) came and the Holy Prophet (SAW) took her under the cloak. Next Ali(كرم الله وجهه) came and the Holy Prophet (SAW) also included him beneath it. Then the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) recited the verse, ‘Allah only desires to keep away (all kinds of) impurity from you, O ‘people of the house!’ (the Prophet’s family) and to totally purify you,’ (Al-Ahzab 33:33).”

References:

►Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1883#2424)

►Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (6:370#36102)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:672#1149)

►Ibn Rahawayh, al-Musnad (3:678#1271)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:159#4705)

►Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (2:149)

►Tabari, Jami-ul-bayan fi tafsir al-Quran (22:6,7)

►Baghawi, Maalim-ut-tanzil (3:529)

►Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (3:485)

►Suyuti, ad-Durr-ul-manthur fit-tafsir-bil-mathur (6:605) 

 

Hadith #3

 

عن عمر بن أبي سلمة ربيب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: لما نزلت هذه الآية على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم
(إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا) في بيت أم سلمة، فدعا فاطمة و حسنا و حسينا
رضي الله عنهم فجللهم بكساء وعلي خلف ظهره فجلله بكساء، ثم قال: اللهم! هؤلاء أهل بيتي فأذهب عنهم الرجس
وطهرهم تطهيرا

 

Umar bin Abi Salamah (RA) who was brought up by the Prophet (SAW) narrates that when the verse, “Allah only desires to keep away (all kinds of) impurity from you, O ‘people of the house!’ (the Prophet’s family) and to totally purify you,” (al-Ahzab 33:33), was revealed to the Holy Prophet (SAW) at the home of Umm Salamah (رضي الله عنها), he (SAW) called Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), Hasan (RA) and Husain (RA) and covered them with a cloak.Ali(كرم الله وجهه) was behind him (SAW), the Holy Prophet (SAW) also covered him under the same cloak and then said, “Oh Allah! These are my ahl-ul-bait (‘people of the house’) so keep impurity away from them and totally purify them.

References:

►Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:351,663#3205,3787)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (6:292)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:587#994)

►Bayhaqi related it with slightly different words in as-sunan-ul-kubra (2:150).

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (2:451#3558)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:158#4705)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (3:54#2662)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (9:25#8295)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (4:134#3799)

►Baihaqi, al-Itiqad (p.327)

Hadith #4


عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه في قوله: (إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ) قال: نزلت في خمسة: في رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم و علي و فاطمة و الحسن و الحسين رضى الله عنهم

Abu Saeed Khudri (RA) has said about the verse, “Allah only desires to keep away (all kinds of) impurity from you, O ‘people of the house’!…”, that it was revealed in honour of the following five personalities: the Messenger of Allah (SAW), Ali (كرم الله وجهه), Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), Hasan (RA) and Hussain (RA). 

References:

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (3:380#3456)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-us-saghir (1:231#375)

►Ibn Hayyan, Tabaqat-ul-muhadditheen bi Asbhan (3# 384)

►Khateeb Baghdadi, Tareekh Baghdad (10:278)

►Tabari, Jami-ul-bayan fi tafsir al-Quran (22:6)

 

 

Hadith #5

 

حدثنا ‏ ‏نصر بن عبد الرحمن الكوفي ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏زيد بن الحسن هو الأنماطي ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏جعفر بن محمد ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏أبيه ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏جابر بن عبد الله ‏ ‏قال ‏رأيت رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏في حجته يوم ‏ ‏عرفة ‏ ‏وهو على ناقته القصواء يخطب فسمعته يقول يا أيها الناس إني قد ‏ ‏تركت فيكم ما إن أخذتم به لن تضلوا كتاب الله وعترتي أهل بيتي

‏قال ‏ ‏وهذا ‏ ‏حديث حسن

Narrated by Jabir ibn Abdullah: Jabir saw Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) when performing the hajj seated on his she-camel al-Qaswa’ on the day of Arafah giving an address, and he heard him saying, “O people, I have left among you something of such a nature that if you adhere to it you will not go astray: Allah’s Book and my close relatives who belong to my household. [Sunan Tirmidhi Volume 005, Book 162, Hadith Number 3718] Imam Tirmidhi (rah) said: It is hassan

 

Ahle Bayt (Alaihhissalaam)

Ahle Bayt (Alaihhissalaam)

Virtues of Ahle Bait(People of the House)

Fatimah (سلام اللہ عليھا)

Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of all women


Hadith #1

عن مسروق: حدثتني عائشة أم المؤمنين رضي الله عنها، قالت: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: يا فاطمة! ألا ترضين أن تكوني سيدة نساء المؤمنين، أو سيدة نساء هذه الأمة

 

Masruq narrates from the Mother of the Believers Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Fatimah, are you not happy that you are the leader of the women of all the believers or the leader of the women of this ummah.”

References:

►Bukhari, as-Sahih (5:2317#5928)

►Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1905#2450)

►Nasai, Fadail-us-sahabah (p.77#263)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:762#1342)

►Tayalisi, al-Musnad (p.196#1373)

►Ibn Sad, at-Tabaqat-ul-kubra (2:247)

►Dawlabi, az-Zurriyah at-tahirah (p.101,102#188)

►Abu Nauym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (2:39, 40)

►Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:130)

 

Hadith #2


عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: إن ملكا من السماء لم يكن زارني، فاستأذن الله في زيارتي، فبشرني أو أخبرني: أن فاطمة سيدة نساء أمتي

Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “An angel in the skies who had not seen me requested permission from Allah (SWT) to see me (which he was granted); he told me the good news or brought me the news that Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of all women in my nation.”

References:

►Bukhari, at-Tarikh-ul-kabir (1:232#728)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:403#1006)

►Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:201) this tradition has been narrated by Tabarani and has declared its narrators sahih (sound) except Muhammad bin Marwan Zahli. While Ibn Hibban has declared Muhammad bin Marwan Zahli as very sound.

►Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:127)

►Mizzi, Tahdhib-ul-kamal (26:391)

Hadith #3

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال وهو في مرضه الذي توفي فيه: يا فاطمة! ألا ترضين أن تكوني سيدة نساء العالمين وسيدة نساء هذه الأمة و سيدة نساء المؤمنين

Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said during the illness in which he passed away, “Oh Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا)! Are you not pleased with the fact that you are the leader of the women of all the worlds, the leader of the women of this ummah (nation) and the leader of the women of all the believers.”

References:

►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:146#8517)

►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (4:251#7078)

►Hakim has declared it sahih (sound) in al-Mustadrak (3:170# 4740) while Dhahabi has supported it.

►Ibn Sa‘d, at-Tabaqat-ul-kubra (2:247,248)

►Ibn Sad, at-Tabaqat-ul-kubra (8:26,27)

►Ibn Athir, Usad-ul-ghabah fi-marifah as-sahabah (7:218)

Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of women in Paradise


Hadith #4

عن حذيفة رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن هذا ملك لم ينزل الأرض قط قبل هذه الليلة استأذن ربه أن يسلم عليّ و يبشّرني بأن فاطمة سيدة نساء أهل الجنة، وأن الحسن والحسين سيدا شباب أهل الجنة

 

Hudhaifah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “There is an angel who before tonight had never come down to earth, asked permission from his Lord to offer slam (salutations) to me and to deliver the good news to me that Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of all women of Paradise and Hasan (RA) and Husain (RA) are the leaders of all the youngsters in Paradise.

References:

►Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:660#3781)

►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:80,95#8298,8365)

►Nasai, Fadhail-us-sahabah (p.58,72#193,260)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (5:391)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:788#1406)

►Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (6:388#32271)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:164#4721,4722)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:402#1005)

►Bayhaqi, al-Itiqad (p.328)

►Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi-manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.224)

 

Hadith #5

عن بن عباس رضي الله عنه، قال: خط رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في الأرض أربعة خطوط. قال: تدرون ما هذا؟ فقالوا: الله و رسوله أعلم. فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أفضل نساء أهل الجنة: خديجة بنت خويلد، و فاطمة بنت محمد، و آسية بنت مزاحم امرأة فرعون، و مريم ابنة عمران رضي الله عنهن اجمعين

Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) drew four lines in the ground and asked, “Do you know what this is?” The companions replied, “Allah (SWT) and His Messenger (SAW) know better.” Then the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “From the women of Paradise four are superior to others: Khadijah the daughter of Khuwaylid, Fatimah the daughter of Muhammad, Asiyah the daughter of Mazahim the wife of Pharaoh and Maryam the daughter of Imran (RA).”  

References:

►Nasai, Fadail-us-sahabah (p.74,76#250,259)

►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:93,94#8355,8364)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (1:293,316)

►Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (15:470#7010)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak, (2:539#3836)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:174,205#4754,4852)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:760,761# 1339)

►Abu Yala, al-Musnad (5:110#2722)

►Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:364#2962)

►Abd bin Humayd, al-Musnad (1:205#597)

Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), a part of the Prophet (SAW)

Hadith #6

عن المسور بن مخرمة: رضي الله عنه: أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: فاطمة بضعة مني، فمن أغضبها أغضبني

Miswar bin Makhramah (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Fatimah is a part of me. Therefore, whosoever angers her angers me.”

References:

►Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1361#3510)

►Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1374#3556)

►Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1903#2449)

►Ibn Abi Shaybah narrated it in al-Musannaf (6:388# 32269) through Ali (كرم الله وجهه)

►Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:361#2954)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:404#1013)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:172#4747)

►Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (10:201)

►Daylami, al-Firdaws bi mathur al-khitab (3:145#4389)

►Abu Awanah, al-Musnad (3:70#4233)

 

Hadith #7

عن علي رضي الله عنه أنه كان عند رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فقال: أي شيء خير للمرأة؟ فسكتوا، فلما رجعت قلت لفاطمة: أي شيء خير للنساء؟ قالت ألا يراهن الرجال. فذكرت ذلك للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال: إنما فاطمة بضعة مني

 

Ali (RA) narrates, “He was present in the company of the Messenger of Allah (SAW) when the Holy Prophet (SAW) asked, ‘What is best for a woman’ on this the companions remained quiet. When I returned home I asked Fatimah, ‘Tell me what is best for a woman?’ Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) replied, ‘It is best for a woman that no men (i.e. outside of one’s immediate family: brothers, father, uncle, husband, sons) see her.’ I mentioned this to the Holy Prophet (SAW) and he (SAW) said, ‘Indeed Fatimah is a part of me.’”

References:

►Bazzar, al-Musnad (2:160#526)

►Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (4:255)

►Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (9:202)

►Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (2:40, 41,175)

►Darqutni, Sualat Hamzah (p.280#409)

 

                               HASAN(R.A) AND HUSAIN(RadiAllahanhu)

 

Hadith #8

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying to Hasan: O Allah, behold, I love him. Thou too love him and love one who loves him.

Reference:

Book 031, Number 5951:Sahih Muslim

Hadith #9

Abu Huraira reported: I went along with Allalh’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) at a time during the day but he did not talk to me and I did not talk to him until he reached Bazar of Banfi Qainuqal. He came back to the tent of Fatima and said: Is the little chap (meaning Hasan) there? We were under the impression that his mother had detained him in order to bathe him and dress him and garland him with a sweet garland. Not much time had passed that he (Hasan) came running until both of them embraced each other, thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: O Allah, I love him; love him Thou and love one who loves him (Hasan).        

Reference:

Book 031, Number 5952:Sahih Muslim 

Hadith #10

Al-Bara’ b. Azib reported: I saw Hasan b. ‘Ali upon the shoulders of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and he was saying: O Allah, I love him, and love him Thou.

Reference:

Book 031, Number 5953:Sahih Muslim

 

Hasan (RA) and Husain (RA) are the leaders of Paradise.

Hadith #11

عن حذيفة رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن هذا ملك لم ينزل الأرض قط قبل هذه الليلة استأذن ربه أن يسلم عليّ و يبشّرني بأن فاطمة سيدة نساء أهل الجنة، وأن الحسن والحسين سيدا شباب أهل الجنة

 

Hudhaifah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “There is an angel who before tonight had never come down to earth, asked permission from his Lord to offer slam (salutations) to me and to deliver the good news to me that Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of all women of Paradise and Hasan (RA) and Husain (RA) are the leaders of all the youngsters in Paradise.”

References:

►Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:660#3781)

►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:80,95#8298,8365)

►Nasai, Fadhail-us-sahabah (p.58,72#193,260)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (5:391)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:788#1406)

►Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (6:388#32271)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:164#4721,4722)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:402#1005)

►Bayhaqi, al-Itiqad (p.328)

►Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi-manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.224)

HAZART Ali (Karam Allaho Wajaho)

Believers love Hadrat Ali and hypocrites nurse grudge against him

Hadith #12

Zirr reported: ‘Ali observed: By Him Who split up the seed and created something living, the Apostle (may peace and blessings be upon him) gave me a promise that No one but a believer would love me, and none but a hypocrite would nurse grudge against me.

Reference:

Book 001, Number 0141: (Sahih Muslim) 

 

The Analogy between Aaron and Moses (Peace be upon them both)

Hadith #13

Sa’d reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying to ‘Ali: Aren’t you satisfied with being unto me what Aaron was unto Moses?

Reference:

Book 031, Number 5916: (Sahih Muslim)

For whosoever is Prophet (saw) Mawla, Ali is Mawla

Hadith #14

Sayyidna Abu Sarihah (Radhi Allah) or Zayd ibn Arqam (Shu’bah is uncertain about it) said that Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) said: He for whom I am Mawla (friend, beloved, helper), Ali is Mawla

Reference:

[Sunnan al Tirimdhi Hadith No. 3733] – Imam Abu Isa Tirimdhi (rah) said: This Hadith is Hasan Gharib

Hadith #15

Sayyidna Hubshi ibn Junadah (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger said: Ali is from me and I am from Ali

Reference:

[Sunnan Ibn Majah Hadith No. 119] – Imam Tirimdhi also narrated it and declared it Hassan Sahih.

Hadith #16

عن البراء بن عازب رضي الله عنه، قال: أقبلنا مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم في حجته التي حج، فنزل في بعض الطريق، فأمر الصلاة جامعة، فأخذ بيد علي رضي الله عنه، فقال: ألست أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: ألست أولى بكل مؤمن من نفسه؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: فهذا ولي من أنا مولاه، اللهم! وال من والاه، اللهم! عاد من عاداه

Translation:“Barā’ bin ‘Āzib (RA) narrates: We performed hajj with Allāh’s Messenger (SAW). On the way he stayed at a place and commanded us (to establish) the prayer in congregation. After this, he held ‘Alī’s hand, and said: Am I not nearer than the lives of the believers? They replied: Why not! He said: Am I not nearer than the life of every believer? They replied: Why not! He said: One who has me as his master has this (‘Alī) as his guardian. O Allāh! Befriend the one who befriends him and be the enemy of one who is his enemy.”     

References:

► Ibn Mājah narrated this sound hadīth (tradition) in preface (al-muqaddimah) to his Sunan (1:88 # 116)

►Ibn Kathīr, al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:168)

►Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:167, 168)

►Ibn ‘Abī ‘Āsim briefly mentioned in as-Sunnah (p.603 # 1362). 

 

Hadith #17

Most of the hadīth-scholars have described the tradition given below in the mode of revelation of the verse:

إنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللهُ وَرَسُوْلُه وَالَّذِيْنَ آمَنُوا الَّذِيْنَ يُقِيْمُوْنَ الصَّلاةَ وَيُؤْتُوْنَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُوْنَ

[Quran, al-Mā’idah 5:55]

(Surely your (helping) friend is Allāh and His Messenger and (along with them) are the believers who establish prayers, pay zakāh and bow down (in humility before Allāh (SWT)

عن عمار بن ياسر رضي الله عنه، يقول: وقف على علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه سائل وهو راكع في تطوع، فنزع خاتمه فأعطاه السائل، فأتى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم، فأعلمه ذالك، فنزلت على النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم هذه الآية: {إنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللهُ وَرَسُوْله وَالَّذِيْنَ آمَنُوا الَّذِيْنَ يُقِيْمُوْنَ الصَّلاةَ وَيُؤْتُوْنَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُوْنَ} فقرأها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم، ثم قال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه، اللهم! وال من والاه، وعاد من عاداه

“It is narrated by ‘Ammār bin Yāsir (RA) that a beggar came up to ‘Alī (RA) and stood beside him. He was kneeling in prayer. He (the beggar) pulled out his ring and he gave the ring to the beggar. Then ‘Alī (RA) called on the Prophet (SAW) and told him the news.At this occasion, this verse was revealed to him: (Surely your (helping) friend is Allāh and His Messenger and (along with them) are the believers who establish prayers, pay zakāh and bow down (in humility before Allāh (SWT)). Allāh’s Messenger (SAW) read out the verse and said: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh! Be his friend who befriends him (‘Alī) and be his enemy who is his enemy.”

References:

►Tabarānī related it in al-Mu‘jam-ul-awsat (7:129, 130 # 6228), al-Mu‘jam-ul-kabīr (4:174 # 4053; 5:195, 203, 204 # 5068, 5069, 5092, 5097), and in al-Mu‘jam-us-saghīr (1:65)

►Ahmad bin Hambal narrated it in al-Musnad (1:119; 4:372)

►Hākim, al-Mustadrak (3:119, 371 # 4576, 5594)  

 

Hadith #18

عن البراء بن عازب رضي الله عنه، قال: كنا مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم في سفر، فنزلنا بغدير خم، فنودي فينا: الصلاة جامعة، وكسح لرسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم تحت شجرتين، فصلى الظهر وأخذ بيد علي رضي الله عنه، فقال: ألستم تعلمون أنى أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: ألستم تعلمون أنى أولى بكل مؤمن من نفسه؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: فأخذ بيد علي رضي الله عنه، فقال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه، اللهم! وال من والاه، وعاد من عاداه. قال: فلقيه عمر رضي الله عنه بعد ذلك، فقال له: هنيئا يا ابن أبي طالب! أصبحت وأمسيت مولى كل مؤمن ومؤمنة
Translation:“It is narrated by Barā’ bin ‘Āzib (RA): We were on a journey with Allāh’s Messenger (SAW). (On the way) we stayed at Ghadīr Khum. There it was announced that the prayer was about to be offered. The space under two trees was cleaned for Allāh’s Messenger (SAW). Then he offered the zuhr (noon) prayer, and, holding ‘Alī’s hand, he said: Don’t you know that I am even nearer than the lives of the believers? They said: Why not! He said: Don’t you know that I am even nearer than the life of every believer? They said: Why not! The narrator says that he said while holding ‘Alī’s hand: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh! Befriend the one who befriends him (‘Alī) and be the enemy of one who is his enemy. The narrator says that after this ‘Umar (bin al-Khattāb (RA)) met ‘Alī (RA) and said to him: O Ibn Abī Tālib! Congratulations, you have become the master of every male and female believer, morning and evening (for ever).”

References:

►Ahmad bin Hambal related it from Barā’ bin ‘Āzib through two different chains of transmission in al-Musnad (4:281)

►Ibn Abī Shaybah, al-Musannaf (12:78 # 12167)

►Ibn Kathīr in al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:169; 5:464)

►Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (5:167, 168)

► Ibn Athīr, Asad-ul-ghābah (4:103)

► Dhahabī has said in Siyar a‘lām-in-nubalā’ (2:623, 624)


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